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Always check the MLA Handbook 8th edition for rules and examples, as this is the primary source of information.


One Author

Gutman, Robert W.  

Two or more works by same Author

Gutman, Robert W. Mozart: A Cultural Biography. Harcourt Brace, 1999.  

---. Richard Wagner: The Man, His Mind, and His Music. U of Chicago P, 1968.                                      

Two Authors

Hock, Randolph, and Gary Price. 

Three or more Authors

Davidson, William, et al. 

Articles from Library Databases

Academic Journal 

Graham, Sarah. “Impossible to Hold: Women and Culture in the 1960s.” Journal of American Studies  vol. 40 no. 2 Spring 2006, pp. 418-19. Academic Search Premier, doi:10.1080/43893754. Accessed 18 Apr. 2020.


Reed, Stanley. “Seeing Past the War.” Business Week 21 Aug. 2006, pp. 35-36. Business Source Elite, Accessed 19 Apr. 2020. 


Seward, Zachary. “Colleges Expand Early Admissions.” Wall Street Journal 14 Dec. 2006, Eastern ed., pp. D1-D2. U.S. Newsstream, Accessed 19 Apr. 2020.

Note: Only include vol and no. when citing Academic Journals. Do not include vol or no when citing Magazine or Newspaper articles.



AuthorLastname, AuthorFirstname. Title.  Publisher, Year.  


Gutman, Robert W. Mozart: A Cultural Biography. Harcourt Brace, 1999. eBook Collection EBSCOhost, Accessed 13 May 2020.

Chapter from an E- Book

Willson, Jr., Robert F. "William Shakespeare's Theater." The Greenwood Companion to Shakespeare: A Comprehensive Guide for Students. Ed. Joseph Rosenblum. Greenwood Press, 2005. 47-64.. eBook Collection EBSCOhost,, Accessed 13 May 2020.

Note: When citing an E-Book, add the permalink at the end of your citation but delete http at the beginning of the link.




Smithdogg. "This Has Sure Been a Hot Summer." Twitter 12 Aug. 2011, 2:36 p.m., Accessed 19 Apr. 2020.


Posh and Posher: Class Politics in the UK.YouTube, uploaded by Science Videos, 14 Feb. 2019, Accessed 12 Apr. 2020.


Quade, Alex. "Elite Team Rescues Troops behind Enemy Lines." Cable News Network, 19 Mar. 2007, Accessed 12 Apr. 2020.


Government Webpage


United States. Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Electrical and Electronics Engineers." Occupational Outlook Handbook 2020-2021, Accessed 13 May 2020.

Independent Website

Beck, Susan. The Good, The Bad & The Ugly: or, Why It's a Good Idea to Evaluate Web Sources. 27 Apr. 2008, Accessed 13 Apr. 2020. 

Note: An entry for a Webpage usually contains most of the following components, in sequence:

  1. Name of the author, compiler, director, editor, narrator, performer, or translator of the work
  2. Title of the work (italicized if the work is independent; in roman type and quotation marks if the work is part of a larger work
  3. Title of the overall Web site (italicized), if distinct from item 2
  4. Publisher or sponsor of the site; if not available, use N.p.
  5. Date of publication (day, month, and year, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.
  6. URL - delete http at the beginning of the URL.
  7. Date of access (day, month, and year)

Each item is followed by a period except the publisher or sponsor, which is followed by a comma.

Personal Interviews, Films, Television Programs, Videos


Personal Interview

Bush, George W. Personal Interview. 10 Feb. 2007.


Spielberg, Steven, director. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Universal Pictures, 1982.

Recorded Film

Columbus, Chris, director. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.Warner Bros., 2001.                          

Broadcast TV Program

“The Soup Nazi.” Seinfeld. NBC. WTHR, Indianapolis. 2 Nov. 1995.

Recorded TV Program

"The Soup Nazi." Seinfeld: Season 7. NBC, 1995. 




Sound Recordings, Musical Compositions, Performances


Entire Albums

The Beatles. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Heart Club’s Band. Capitol Records, 1967. 

Individual Songs

Sinatra, Frank. “Strangers in the Night.” Rec. 1966. My Way: The Best of Frank Sinatra. Warner, 1996. 

Spoken Word Recording

Darling, Sally, narr. To Kill a Mockingbird. 1960. By Harper Lee. Recorded Books, 1988. 

Musical Composition

Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. Oliver Ditson, 1932. 

Musical Score

Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. 1811.  Belwin, 1994. Kalmus ConcertMasters Series.


The Nutcracker. Dir. Richard Clark. Butler Ballet. Clowes Memorial Hall, Indianapolis. 2 Dec. 2008. 

For additional examples and explanations, see  MLA Handbook 8th ed.